Friday, March 1, 2019

The Intermediate Guide to Allergic Asthma

Allergies are all about the immune system that protects you from germs such as bacteria, viruses, and foreign invaders. If you have an allergy, the immune system will also fight against harmful substance such as mold, dust, pollen, pet dander. But when you come across the substances which trigger an allergy, your body produces IgE antibodies. The allergen causes several reactions in your body causing runny nose, sneezing and watery eyes even asthma attack.

Allergic Asthma:-
People with allergic asthma, the airways are extra sensitive to certain allergens. Once the allergen gets into the body, your immune system overreacts. The muscles around their airways begin to tighten and the airways become inflamed and flooded with mucus by themselves. Allergy asthma is one of the most common types of asthma. About 50% of the adult with asthma have allergy whereas more than 90% of kids have allergy with childhood asthma.

The symptoms are generally the same for people with allergic asthma or non- allergic asthma. It can cause Cough, sneeze, runny nose, wheeze, breathe quickly, be short of breath, and feel your chest get tight. People with asthma usually get worse after exercising in cold air or after breathing dust, fumes or smoke. Sometimes even a strong smell can harm you severely because allergens are everywhere; it's important that people with allergic asthma know their triggers and learns how to prevent an attack.
The allergens aren’t the only thing that causes allergic asthma worse. Other Irritants also can cause an asthma attack, even though they don't cause any allergic reaction. These include Air pollution, Dusty rooms,  Smoke from tobacco, a fireplace, candles, incense, or fireworks, Cold air, Exercise in cold air, Perfumes, air fresheners, or other scented products, Strong chemical odors or fumes.

Treatment and Medications for Allergic Asthma:-
Till now there is no permanent cure for asthma, it can only be managed and treated. Once you identify your triggers through a blood or skin test, you can come up with the best plan to avoid allergic asthma triggers and also for managing and controlling your symptoms.

Knowing the allergic triggers and avoiding them can help you a lot to control an allergy-induced asthma episode. The AFAA advises people not to leave food or crumbs in living quarters to prevent pests like cockroaches; fix leaks to prevent mold; wash bedding in hot water and use mattress and pillow covers to protect against dust mites; vacuum pet dander; and wear a mask when outdoors.

For some with allergic asthma, allergy medications may help avert or alleviate symptoms. If your allergies are extremely severe, you should consider seeing a doctor to discuss a treatment plan that may involve a prescription like epinephrine. Some over-the-counter options may help those with mild allergy symptoms. These include:
  • Steroids
  • Antihistamines
  • Decongestants
  • Saline nasal sprays
To treat an asthma attack, there are both short-term and long-term options for relief. Short-term options seek to relax the narrowing muscles in the airways and ease the flow of air. The goal of long-term medications is to control and reduce inflammation in the airways and make them less sensitive to triggering allergens.

Friday, February 22, 2019

Zoonotic Diseases

Consistently, a huge number of people will get sick from diseases spread among animals and people. These are called zoonotic diseases. Zoonotic refers to irresistible infections that are spread among animals and people.

Animals give numerous advantages to people. Many people associate with animals in their everyday lives, both at home and far from home. Pets offer camaraderie and excitement, with a number of households having at least one pet. We may come into close contact with animals at a province reasonable or petting zoo, or encounter wildlife while enjoying outdoor activities. Likewise, animals are an imperative sustenance source and give meat, dairy, and eggs. Likewise, animals are an imperative sustenance source and give meat, dairy, and eggs.

However, some animals can carry harmful germs that can be imparted to people and cause illness – these are known as zoonotic diseases or zoonoses. Zoonotic diseases are brought about by harmful germs like bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites. These germs can cause different types of diseases in animals and people ranging from mild to serve illness and even death. A few animals can appear healthy when they are carrying germs that can make people ill.

Zoonotic diseases are very common around the globe. Researchers gauge that more than 6 out of each 10 known infectious diseases in people are spread from animals, and 3 out of each 4 new or rising infectious diseases in people are spread from animals.

How do the germs spread among people and animals?
Due to the close connection between animals and people, it’s very important to be aware of the common ways people can get affected by germs which can cause zoonotic diseases. These can include:

Direct contact: Coming into contact with the blood, urine, saliva, mucous, feces, or other body liquids of an infected animal. Examples incorporate petting or contacting animals, and bites or scratches.
Aberrant contact: Coming into contact with territories where animals live and wander, or objects or surfaces that have been contaminated with germs. Examples include aquarium tank water, chicken coops, pet habitats, plants, and soil, as well as pet food and water dishes.
Vector-borne: Being bitten by a tick, or an insect like a flea or a mosquito.
Foodborne: Every year, people become ill from eating contaminated food. Eating or drinking something hazardous, (such as undercooked meat or eggs, unpasteurized milk, or raw fruits and vegetables that are contaminated with feces from an infected animal).

Who is at a higher danger of serious illness from zoonotic diseases?
Anybody can end up sick from zoonotic diseases, including healthy people. However, a few people might be more in danger than others and should find a way to secure themselves or relatives. These people are almost certain than others to become extremely ill and die, from infection with certain diseases. People include these people are:-
             Children younger than 5
             Adults older than 65
             People with weakened immune systems

What would you be able to do to protect yourself and your family from zoonotic diseases?
People can come into contact with animals in different places. This includes at home and away from home, in places like fairs, petting zoos, schools, stores, and parks. Insects, like fleas and mosquitoes, and ticks bite people and animals day and night. Fortunately, there are things you can do to protect yourself and your family from zoonotic diseases.

Keep hands clean. Washing your hands directly subsequent to being around animals, regardless of whether you didn't contact any animals, is a standout amongst the most vital advances you can take to avoid becoming ill and spreading germs to other people.

Many germs are spread by not washing hands with clean, running water and soap. If clean, running water is not accessible, use soap and available water.
If soap and water are unavailable, use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol to clean hands. Because hand sanitizers do not eliminate all types of germs, it is important to wash your hands as soon as soap and water are available.
Prevent bites from ticks, mosquitoes, and fleas.  Avoid bites and scratches from animals.

Friday, February 1, 2019

Things You Should Know About Psoriasis

Psoriasis is a chronic autoimmune disease that speeds up the life cycle of skin cells which cause cells to build up so fast on the skin surface. This is a skin condition caused by an overactive immune system and characterized by patches of abnormal skin cells. Psoriasis is not contagious but generally thought to be a genetic disease which is triggered by environmental factors. They can grow anywhere, but mostly found in elbows, scalp, knees, and lower back. Psoriasis varies in severity from small, localized patches to complete body coverage and the symptoms are different from everyone.

The patches can heal completely and then come back throughout a person's life. The symptoms depend on the type of psoriasis the person has. The skin patches may be found purple in color in the people with darker skin.

The symptoms often worsen during winter. The common symptoms of psoriasis include red patches or rashes and inflamed skin. The skin patches are dry, itchy & scaly and sometimes it’s painful that the skin can crack or bleed.  Sometimes, it causes problems with the person’s toenails and fingernails, including pitting and decoloration. The nails may also start to crumble and detach from the nail bed. There are several types of psoriasis. These include: Plaque psoriasis, Nail psoriasis, Guttate psoriasis, Inverse psoriasis, Pustular psoriasis, Erythrodermic psoriasis, Psoriatic arthritis.

Diagnosis of psoriasis is typically based on the signs and symptoms. The main goal of treatment to stop the skin cells from growing so fast. Till now there is no cure for psoriasis, but the symptoms can be managed and controlled. The treatment includes steroid creams, light therapy, occlusion and oral medications such as biologic drugs which target specific parts of the immune system. The way of life measures, such as moisturizing, stopping smoking and managing stress, may help.

The Intermediate Guide to Allergic Asthma

Allergies are all about the immune system that protects you from germs such as bacteria, viruses, and foreign invaders. If you have an a...